Year : 2017 | Volume
: 5 | Issue : 2 | Page : 70--76
The meal pattern and incidence of overweight and obesity among market women in a Southwest community, Nigeria
Israel O Dada
Department of Human Nutrition, College of Medicine, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Background and objectives: Overweight as well as obesity is a risk factor of maternal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. This study assessed the meal pattern and incidence of overweight and obesity among market women in a Southwest community, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 250 market women randomly selected by multistage sampling technique. Respondents’ personal characteristics and meal pattern were obtained through a pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Their weight and height were measured and used to calculate their body mass index (BMI), which was categorized into underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (BMI = 18.5–24.9 kg/m2), overweight (BMI = 25.0–29.9 kg/m2), and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16.0.
Results: The mean age of the market women was 37.31 ± 15.31 years and 50 (20.0%) of them had no formal education. Majority of participants ate three meals (64%) while 27% ate more than three meals per day. Breakfast meal was usually skipped by 163 (65.2%) of the women and 155 (62.0%) and 190 (76.0%) women often ate breakfast and lunch meals, respectively, outside the home. The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity was 25.2, 16.0, and 8.0%, respectively. Women’s BMI was significantly associated with their age, marital status, family type, and level of education.
Conclusion: This study reveals the high prevalence of overweight and obesity among the market women. Older age, marriage, and monogamous family adversely influenced overweight/obesity. Nutrition education is recommended as an intervention strategy.
Israel O Dada
Department of Human Nutrition, College of Medicine, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti
|How to cite this article:|
Dada IO. The meal pattern and incidence of overweight and obesity among market women in a Southwest community, Nigeria.Saudi J Obesity 2017;5:70-76
|How to cite this URL:|
Dada IO. The meal pattern and incidence of overweight and obesity among market women in a Southwest community, Nigeria. Saudi J Obesity [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Mar 23 ];5:70-76
Available from: http://www.saudijobesity.com/article.asp?issn=2347-2618;year=2017;volume=5;issue=2;spage=70;epage=76;aulast=Dada;type=0