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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-75

Association between obesity and periodontal disease: A cross-sectional study


Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Golpura, Barwala, Distt. Panchkula, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Amandeep Chopra
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Golpura, Barwala, Distt. Panchkula, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-2618.128634

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Aim: To study the effect of obesity on periodontal health among patients visiting Outpatient Department of Public Health Dentistry. Materials and Methods: A total of 600 subjects aged 20 years and above who visited Outpatient Department of Public Heath Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Panchkula, were included. Periodontal status of the subjects was recorded. Body mass index was used as measure to assess obesity. Variables like age, gender, smoking and frequency of cleaning, which could act as covariants for the periodontal disease were recorded. Statistical Analysis: Frequency distribution for the determination of prevalence of a number of variables, cross tabulations and Chi square tests were used to find out the significance of differences. Further, multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out. Results: The periodontal disease shows significant association with age, gender, OHIS, smoking and obesity (P < 0.05). Multivariate regression after adjusting for age, gender, OHIS and smoking showed that obese individuals were at 1.26 times (95% confidence interval 1.02-2.78) at risk for developing periodontal diseases when compared to non-obese individuals. Conclusion: The findings of present study showed significant association between obesity and periodontal disease.


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